By Paul Bamford
By deciding upon to pay attention upon learning what woodland assets have been on hand to the French army in the course of the ancien régime and what use it used to be capable of make of them, Mr. Bamford has not just supplied the 1st monograph on that topic within the English language, yet has long past a ways towards explaining why France was once the loser within the lengthy duel with England for the regulate of trade and the extension of empire.
Two years of analysis within the records Nationales and within the records de los angeles Marine in Paris, Toulon, and Rochefort enabled him to attract on modern assets of knowledge of which little, if any, use has been made prior to, and an additional yr of analysis within the libraries of latest York urban, really within the wealthy Proudfit Naval assortment, additionally yielded new fabric. it's Mr. Bamford's success to have dealt with this sizeable shop of fundamental assets with such ability and judgement that the reader, through turning over letters from disgruntled wooded area owners, experiences from burdened maîtres at the trickery and recalcitrance of the peasants, directions from the pinnacle echelon of the army to inspectors within the forests, and a spread debts, receipts, and memoranda, is given first and foremost hand an appreciation of the problems confronted via the army in attempting to receive trees and masts of the alternative caliber required for construction ships-of-the-line. The military needed to compete with the service provider marine and with commercial and personal clients of gas for offers that have been constantly being depleted via mismanagement and by way of the conversion of forests to arable land. Measures, superficially admirable, for holding the forests are stumbled on on nearer exam to be right now over-precise and never competently enforced. delivery, even in a rustic so abundantly provided with navigable rivers as France, was once dear and difficult.
Not merely historians, yet students within the box of forestry, economics, geography, agriculture, and shipping will locate this publication illuminating.
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