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Human Geography

Born to Trade: Indian Business Communities in Medieval and by Surendra Gopal

By Surendra Gopal

This pioneering paintings lines migration of Indian investors to Russia, Iran, West Asia and South-East Asia in medieval occasions. 4 essays throw mild at the actions of the Indian enterprise group in Russia. commonly Indians got here to Russia through Iran. There they took a ship, crossed the Caspian Sea and reached the Russian port of Astrakhan. Indian viewers incorporated Hindus (including Jains), Muslims, Christians, Parsis between others.


Hindus constituted the most important phase of the migrants. They turned an item of neighborhood interest due to their rituals and social practices. additionally they turned an item of jealousy. Indians didn't take pleasure in political and administrative help because the ecu East India businesses did. sometimes neighborhood rulers consulted them and sought their advice.


Three essays take care of Indian investors in Iran within the 17th and eighteenth centuries. One essay discusses exchange among India and Iran within the 15th century. There are papers discussing actions of Indian investors in West Asia, Yemen and South East Asia within the 17th and eighteenth centuries. the belief specializes in Indian retailers and the Indian Ocean in medieval instances.


The writer concludes that Indian investors didn't get pleasure from political and royal help, crucial for fulfillment. He additionally affirms that crossing the seas didn't bring about social boycott by way of their caste-men. This taboo got here a lot later, most likely with the arrival of British rule within the 19th century.

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